In this method, an empty balloon is placed into the stomach by the endoscopy tool. Then the balloon is inflated. Due to the area covered by the balloon placed in the stomach, the patients feel early satiety and satiety. However, a significant difference from other interventional methods is the removal of the balloon after a certain period of time (6 months – 1 year). Patients were grouped according to their structures within this time, they lose weight between 10-20% of their excess weight.
Gastric balloons are an alternative to bariatric surgery for people with lower body mass indexes. Most patients lose between 20 and 50 pounds over a six-month period (about 10 to 20% of total body weight).
Gastric balloons can be effective, they don’t require surgery, and they can be placed in a matter of minutes. They are temporary, however, and require lifestyle change, education and support to be successful.
It is performed as a primary procedure in adults between 18-65 years of age, whose body mass index is between 30-40 kg / m2.
It is also used as an adjunctive method in preoperative period in order to decrease the risk of surgery and anesthesia in super or super super obese patients. This method is preferred especially in patients who have a risk of surgical intervention.